Background: Glioma is the most common and fatal primary cranial tumor. The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) plays an important role in the occurrence and treatment of glioma, which might function through a circular ribonucleic acid (circRNA)-related mechanism. Hsa_circ_0080229 (circ_0080229) has been identified as a circRNA arising from an EGFR gene in gliomas; however, little is known about its molecular mechanism to date.
Methods: To address this question, a series of experiments were conducted to confirm the effect of circ_0080229 in gliomas and identify the downstream mechanism. A quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) analysis and in-situ hybridization/fluorescence in-situ hybridization (ISH/FISH) testing were performed to identify the expression of circ_0080229 in patient samples. Bioinformatic analysis was carried out to explore the possible mechanism. Next, a series of in-vitro functional assays and in-vivo assays with a xenograft subcutaneous glioma model was carried out to confirm the effect of circ_0080229. Finally, qRT-PCR analysis and a Western Blot analysis were performed to verify the related mechanism.
Results: The expression of circ_0080229 was upregulated in both glioma tissues and cell lines related to unfavorable clinicopathologic characteristics. The expression of circ_0080229 was found to be inversely correlated with miR-1827, a micro-ribonucleic acid (miRNA) targeting murine double minute-2 (MDM2). The downregulation of circ_0080229 inhibited gliomas in vivo and suppressed U87 and U251 cell lines in vitro, which the transfection of the miR-1827 inhibitor could reverse. Concerning the mechanism, a block of circ_0080229 decreased MDM2 expression, while the inhibition of miR-1827 reversed this effect. Thus, circ_0080229 appears to target the downstream miR-1827/MDM2 signaling pathway.
Conclusions: Our results showed that the silencing of circ_0080229 upregulates the expression of miR-1827, which in turn resulted in the suppression of MDM2, and the mediation of the downstream P53 signaling pathway. Circ_0080229 exerted an effect in mediating tumor progression through the MDM2 signaling pathway by sponging miR-1827. Its importance as a potential prognostic biomarker in gliomas has thus been established.
Keywords: epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR); glioma; hsa_circ_0080229; miR-1827; murine double minute-2 (MDM2).